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Philippines General Information
 
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Philippines Geography
 
 
 

Location:
Southeastern Asia, archipelago
between the Philippine Sea and the South China Sea, east of Vietnam

Geographic coordinates:
13 00 N, 122 00 E

Area:
total: 300,000 sq km
land: 298,170 sq km
water: 1,830 sq km

Coastline:
36,289 km

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: irregular
polygon extending up to 100 nm from coastline as defined by 1898 treaty; since
late 1970s has also claimed polygonal-shaped area in South China

Sea up to 285 nm in breadth exclusive economic zone: 200nm
continental shelf: to depth of exploitation

Climate:
tropical marine;
northeast monsoon (November to April);
southwest monsoon (May to October)

Terrain:
mostly mountains with narrow to extensive coastal lowlands

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Philippine Sea 0 m
highest point: Mount Apo 2,954 m

Natural resources:
timber, petroleum, nickel, cobalt, silver, gold, salt, copper


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